Template:Citation needed

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[citation needed]

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{{Citation needed}} is a template used to identify questionable claims in articles that lack a citation to a reliable source. The template produces a superscripted notation like the following:

  • Humphrey Bogart has won several snooker world championships.[citation needed]

The template indicates that it may be that Humphrey Bogart played snooker at some point and it may be that he won some tournaments at some point but no reliable, published sources were given to verify it and the information is not considered Wikipedia:common knowledge.


The template should be inserted after punctuation, such as a period or comma.

Please remove the template when you add a citation for a statement.

You may append a date to the template in the following format:

{{Citation needed|{{subst:DATE}}}}

Use of this template places the article into Category:Citation_needed.

It is also recommended to add the (non-displayed) |reason= parameter to leave a better record for future editors.

For example, the following usage might be appropriate to the claim that "Humphrey Bogart has won several snooker world championships.":

{{Citation needed|reason=This claim needs a reliable source; Bogart was a famous actor, and his major biographies don't mention snooker.}}

The above wikitext will render as follows:

This sentence shows the template used at the end.[citation needed]


  • Substitution of this template will automatically fill the date parameter.
  • If you don't add a date parameter, a bot will date your entry with the month and year at a later time.
  • The date parameter consists of the name of the current month and the year only, not full dates. The names of the months are capitalised in English. Any deviation from these two rules will result in an "invalid date parameter" error.

When not to use this template

The {{Citation needed}} template is intended for use when there is a general question of the verifiability of a statement, or when an editor believes that a reference verifying the statement should be provided.

If you have the time and ability to find an authoritative reference, please do so. Then add the citation yourself, or correct the article text. After all, the ultimate goal is not to merely identify problems, but to fix them.

While an editor may add this template to any uncited passage for any reason, many editors object to what they perceive as overuse of this tag, particularly in what is known as "Wikipedia:drive-by" tagging, which is applying the tag without attempting to address the issues at all. Consider whether adding this tag in an article is the best approach before using it, and use it judiciously.

Do not use this template on policies, guidelines, or other non-article pages.

How to respond to this tag

The addition of this tag is a request for an inline citation to support the tagged statement. If you are able to provide a citation to support the claim, then please do so.

There is no specific deadline for providing citations. Please do not delete information that you believe is incorrect simply because no-one has provided a citation within an arbitrary time limit. Where there is some uncertainty about its accuracy, most editors are willing to wait about a month to see whether a citation can be provided.